Population estimate: 1.05 million
Total area: 9,251km2 (3,572 sq.miles) – Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean.
Time zone: GMT +2 (winter and summer)
Climate: Mediterranean climate, with long dry summers from mid–May to mid–October, and mild winters from December to February, which are separated by short autumn and spring seasons.
Health & Safety: No special vaccinations needed, no particular risks
Government: Democratic Republic
History: Maybe small in size, but rich in history and traditions, Cyprus has undergone tremendous transformation, through the changing eras, wars, rebellions and invasions, mostly due to its strategic position at the crossroads of great civilizations (Europe, Asia and Africa). Today, evidence of the island’s tumultuous past and History stretching over 9,000 years can be seen everywhere in Cyprus – in the ruins of ancient cities, temples, theatres, Byzantine churches, medieval castles, aqueducts and walls. Three large ancient sites and many Byzantine churches, of high historical or archaeological importance, are protected by UNESCO and are part of the World Heritage list, in the regions of Pafos, Troodos and Larnaka.