Nicosia or Lefkosia located in the middle of the island, is the capital of Cyprus since the 12th century and the island’s principal business centre for well over 2,000 years. Lefkosia remains today the main business and cultural centre and a bustling cosmopolitan city. Remnants of its historical past are seen primarily in the old town located within the Venetian Walls, dotted with museums, ancient churches and medieval buildings. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Lefkosia is the only capital city divided by force. The Green Line, is the capital’s dividing line, and the nearby old part of the city, by ‘Laiki Geitonia’, is a pedestrian area and restored part of the town with narrow city streets lined with traditional houses, taverns, shops and galleries. A must visit is the Orthodox cathedral at the enclave of the new Archbishopric, Church), Ayios Ioannis church containing fascinating Biblical wall paintings from the 18th century, the Byzantine Museum, with the largest and most significant collection of icons in Cyprus from the 9th-18th century and Leventis Gallery with notable art collections and the Cyprus Museum with a fascinating collection of antiquities from the Neolithic to the Classical Greco-Roman periods, clearly indicating the island’s rich and diverse history.